Medicines have been in existence since the dawn of humanity. In the start, there were only simple and traditional ways to cure the ailments such as the crude extracts from the plants and the spiritual ways. These used these extracts from different plants such as gum Arabic, aloe, lavender, gingko, bitter melon, and many others to treat a different kind of ailments such as pain, fever, and others.
But since the dawn of the new era, there have been a lot of advancements in this field. Because of the latest technologies, resources and a better understanding of the diseases and their possible outcomes and preventive measures, a lot of new medicines have been introduced to the world. This is an ever-evolving field and new advancements keep happening because of a number of reasons.
Reasons for the newest medicine research
On a daily basis, a new drug or a better alternative of a drug is introduced to the world because of the following reasons.
The reasons given here are just some of the many reasons that encourage the introduction of new medicine.
Why is there a need for the new medicine?
Field of medicine has gotten so vast in the past few decades but as this field advances, there have been increased rates of onset of the new diseases. A number of diseases that were life-threatening before such as malaria, polio, viral infections, and many others have either been eradicated from most of the planet or have medicine that is a 100% effective in treating them. But the new diseases that were unheard of before came into existence or the pre-existing diseases got much worse and mortality rates increased due to these diseases. Some of the examples of these diseases are:
These and many other deadly diseases have left no option for the scientists but to find a cure for them using the newest technology and the most advanced research tools and equipment.
Latest advances in medicine research
According to a recent study, it has been estimated that the FDA approved more than 500 new medicines for use after the year 2000. Some of the recent and key advances in the medical field are given here below.
Gene therapy is a process in which modifications in the patient’s hereditary material i.e. DNA are done. The drugs that are used on a daily basis often treat the symptoms of the diseases or cure them for a short time and after that, the disease comes back. But with gene therapy modifications at the DNA level happen and the diseases are cured by eradicating the basic cause by its roots.
Gene therapy is a promising option to treat different types of cancer such as breast cancer, leukemia and other diseases such as sickle cell anemia and skin disorders.
3D printing technologies
3D printing is one of the most promising fields that will make scientists able to explore new ways in medical research. Using this technology, artificial body parts will be made that will work just like the original body parts. It has been in the news that an artificial ear has been introduced to the world that works using the same mechanism that our body uses and an artificial liver plant is expected to come into existence by 2020.
Medicines to cure hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is considered as one of the life-threatening diseases and around 12,000 people die every year because of this disease. There are drugs that can cure these diseases, but they are much expensive and require an extensive period of treatment and have side effects that are very undesirable. A new drug by the name Sofosbuvir has been introduced into the market which is supposed to cure Hepatitis C completely with little side effects.
Research in antibiotics
Antibiotic resistance is one of the major problems of the current time and drugs already present are unable to cure infections caused by them such as gut infections and respiratory infections. A new class of antibiotic drugs has been introduced in the market which has been named Teixobactin. This class has proven efficient in completely eradicating the resistant bacterial classes such as MRSA and completely curing the diseases like tuberculosis and septicemia.
All of the above and many other types of research such as hormone replacement therapy, transplants, and stem cell research are being done to enhance the quality of life. These advancements are thought to be able to treat untreatable conditions such as cancer and find new options for patients with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
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